The above map is based on the geological fact when thick sheets of ice covered a vast amount of area and began to melt as a result of global warming and also their corresponding link established in the tamil literature. Navalam Thivu is an island as the name suggests or Thoogai Tamizhagam is the name of our Sangam age Tamil Nadu where Tulu Tamil was most celebrated form of language but even on those days i.e., as early as 30,000 B.C. it was not in its original form with changes that had already happened to the language Tulu Dravidian. There are very few references to this huge island and very few books available conveys to us that Tulu kind of language was prevalent on those days besides other kind of Dravidian languages. Manimekalai, Silappathikaram and even the works of Saivaite Appar do mention about this island in their work besides the work of Pathittu Pathhu etc., It is customary for us to name a place in the new area got settled in the name of a already celebrated place which lied on the previous location. Based on this all the places where Tamil Sangam existed were mostly named as Madurai or Then Madurai.

The first Tamil Sangam was located on the banks of the river Pakruliyaaru and Nediyon Maakeerthi was ruling the country as early as 30,000 B.C. The period of existence of this sangam is stated to be 30,000 B.C. – 16,500 B.C. There were a large no. of kings and poets, learned men, scientists, philosophers, engineers, other class peoples who were named according to their profession or the region they lived and made this country a great empire to live. But this empire did not survive long. Few evidence suggests that during 17,000 B.C. the temperature around this area rose to 18 degree Fahrenheit within few decades. This in turn resulted in global warming which resulted in large sheets of ice melting and consequently the sea level raised to few tens of meter which had brought the whole of the empire in to the sea. But people some how escaped the fury of the raising sea with few of the survivors escaped to far off areas and some of them occupying the areas which formed the shores of the previous empire that existed. But this had not only affected this part of the region only, this is a global effect and other kind of disasters had struck the other parts of the earth about the same time, with India and surrounding parts, parts of Africa, etc., also suffering such kind of damage. People who had escaped must have had difficult times on where to settle again and must have settled in both the damaged and undamaged places after this kind of disaster.

Having settled on the shores of the previous empire and also in the other areas particularly in the parts of Northern parts of India, North-west parts of India and other habitable parts around the world again they started to rebuild the empire. This time the Second Tamil Sangam was situated in fertile land that lied between two rivers named Tamiraparaniyaaru and Kumariyaaru. Again the same kind of people who was responsible for the flourishing of the empire of the first tamil sangam built the same kind of empire. Around 14,000 B.C. when the second tamil sangam was established Nalantharu Thiruvir was ruling the empire. A number of works belonging to various subjects were produced and were lost forever to the sea within the sinking of this empire again into the sea. Antartica was covered by thick sheets of ice from 40,000 B.C. – 6,000 B.C. High concentrations of cosmic dusts from outer space, Asteroid collisions, Meteoroid impact etc., were happening during the period of 18,000 B.C. – 12,000 B.C. and even after that, with five of them are known to us. This actually led to many forms of destruction due to which there was a continuous damage to civilizations of this empire. Around this time fearing raising sea levels citizens started to run in search of safer places.

But it seems that the destruction was concentrated mostly on the shores of the boundaries throughout this region including the whole part of India and its surrounding areas upto the south of this empire. Previous time the empire was destroyed it happened so in all the places. So, peoples used the knowledge they had and searched for safer places. Besides they should have had the knowledge about these places either through their study or else they should have lived in those regions in groups before that. In this way they started to move to places like the shores of Africa, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Persia, Arabia, Turkistan, Mesopotamia, parts of Europe, Palestine, Egypt and its surrounding areas, Italy, Scandinavia, Greece and parts of northern part of India upto Assam.

On those days it is learned that there existed several places having ur as suffix suggesting that it is the native Dravidians who had occupied these places few thousand years ago. It is around these times that the Great Indus Valley Civilisation must have been raised i.e., around 15,000 B.C and got perished around 2000 B.C. Earlier it was thought that the Indus Valley civilization got evolved only around 2500 B.C. But now it is very well known that around this time it was slowly on its way towards destruction. Siam is a Tamil term used for representing the remote islands of the South East Asia, Milecha Nadu is the name for Madagascar, Avuna puram and Nila Nadu are names of countries present in East Africa on those days. Avuna puram was ruled by a king of Yayathi lineage. Civilizations which are very ancient in origin have recently come to light in the parts of Africa.

Most popular of all the cities that belonged to the second Tamil sangam is the Indus Valley civilization where new and newer areas are discovered month by month. Mahabalipuram was also one of the few cities that existed during this time. Dholavaria, Lothal, Gulf of Cambay which belonged to Indus civilization have already been seen. Peoples belonging to Indus Valley civilization were an expert in Drainage network with neatly lined Drain and even a Drain Chute was also present. Wells were present in almost all the excavated cities. They were expert in building the road network too. Road approaching from the four directions i.e., North, South, East and West were neatly laid and even today these kind of building the road is followed when a city is being built – in Tamil Nadu these kind of junction road is common and is known by the name Koot Road which is present in cities, towns and even villages. To escape the raising sea level people started constructing building activities on a raised platform which is not a easy task even today. Only with the help of various equipments and JCB it is possible to do. Many of temples are built on raised platform not only now but for many centuries before also. One part of the city was built on a lower platform and the other was on a higher platform indicates that these people had knowledge about the nature of lands that lied nearby and then started to build accordingly. Citizens of this Empire were Great learned persons in Astronomy and one of the site in the Indus looks as if it is the ruins of the observatory on those days. Most of the Dravidian festivals are centered around Astronomy. So, they build observatories where ever they got settled. An Observatory almost looking the same as this one in Indus was discovered in the remote jungles of the American continent where a lost civilization was discovered. The craft that these people practiced on those days and the kind of technology they were using is quite extraordinary. Here are a few examples like Ornaments including headbands, earrings, necklaces, pendants and bangles were made of various semiprecious stones, steatite, faience, shell, terracotta, copper and even gold which showcases their high tech achievements in pyrotechnology. Decorative Head ornaments made up of steatite microbeads which was only 1 mm in diameter showcases how minute they were in developing their art of making tiny objects - this kind of object was found on the head of male buried in a cemetery. Microbeads were also produced on those times.

Pendants made up of Gold that were to resemble various animal forms with one them resembling the cattle was found during the excavation. This is just one of the art these people possessed. Vessels were made up of precious stones and metals were also excavated. This shows the high skills they had in crafting art objects out of metals. These objects are datable to 2000 B.C. In one of the vessels the symbol of lion is very much present. Does the symbol of lion on the vessel indicate the art object belonged to a Velir dynastry who had lion as a symbol – one of them is Velir Pallavas who had their capital at Kanchi.

Great Bath - Mohenjodaro
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                                                              Renovated and rebuild Temple tank of a Temple                                                                                                             dedicated to Lord Shiva in the Tulu Nadu

Great Bath is present in the ruins of the Mohenjodaro once a thriving city which is at least 5000 years old or even centuries older than that which belonged to the Indus Valley Civilization. This particular monument is known through out the world for its unique design, construction marvel , for its capacity to hold water without leakage etc., As shown in the picture above is a renovated temple tank that belonged to the temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in the Udupi region of Tulu Nadu during the period when Velirs were ruling in this part of the country possibly 2000 years ago. Just by looking at these pictures one can easily see the striking similarity of the temple tank to that of Great Bath. There is almost no difference except for its two way entry. May be original temple tank have had two entry and the renovation might have reduced it to a single entry. Boundary wall, width of the steps, platform surrounding the tank, area of the tank in 3-D, design in which the depth of the tank is carried out etc., are all almost looking the same. This can be taken as the evidence that the architecture of the Indus people had remained with the Tulu tamils and the tamils during the period that followed after their cities were destroyed after natural calamities. The fact that Indus cities belonged to the second Tamil sangam and this tank might have belonged to second or third tamil sangam is another evidence we followed the architecture through the ages that succeeded each empires.

One of the decipherments of the Indus script says that the middle region of the Indus valley was named TAVA may be a corrupt form of TARA a Tulu Goddesses as already mentioned. One of the reason that the Indus valley civilization began around 15,000 B.C. as already debated is there was raise in the sea level around the earth during 17,000 B.C. So, from the extreme south of the country that belonged to the first Tamil sangam, these people began to move in a upward direction with some of them reaching the Indus region. Remember the Indus valley civilization continued for a very long time despite of the fact that this civilization suffered destruction from time to time due to various forms of natural calamities. The fact that this civilization got running continuously for a very long period is that these people have already got a fair idea about the region that will remain unaffected for a lengthy period of time from the previous knowledge of disasters that had, which brought their civilization to an end. Accordingly they made a study of these, developed results based on these studies and then build cities on the suitable land.

15,000 B.C. – 3,000 B.C. - Most of the civilizations that were present during these times got perished due to natural calamities. The second tamil sangam almost coincides with this period. Around 13,000 B.C. there was rapid raise in temperature that again resulted in sea level raising and causing havoc. As seen already high concentration of cosmic dust from outer space might be the main reason for this sudden raise in temperature. Beyond 12,000 B.C. it seems that apart from the raising sea level there were Asteroid collisions and meteoroid collision bombarding the earth from outer space. One deluge happened around 9,500 B.C. War could not have destroyed this great Empire because it would happen to be a world war of large scale destruction which could be easily ruled out. It would have been global warming from various climatic factors down south and in the areas around the Indus Valley civilization including the coastlines of the Indian Peninsular and in various parts around the world it would have been raising level plus Mega Tsunamis generated due to Asteroid or Meteoroid Impacts.

Meteoroid which could have passed close to the earth some how changed its way and could have hit the ocean part of the earth where huge civilization like Indus were present. Meteo Tsunami that have been generated as a consequence of Meteoroid collision, can raise the height of the sea waves upto several feet in height and travel inland upto several km, which could easily destroy many well built cities. Skeletons which have been present in cemetery and the areas surrounding it, in Indus was found to have nuclear radiation effect on them. One of the reason for this is Meteoroid collision.

And then people who managed to survive, again started to move to safer places and again started to build empire with cities, towns, village etc., with all kind of amenities. But sadly the previous destruction was so powerful it left few traces of the empire and all the kind of arts and sciences these peoples possessed, the technology that got evolved and put to use during those glorious days were all destroyed beyond a certain level. So, now the task of building the empire was very tough with this kind of exposure to technology. Building the empire proceeded slowly and steadily and then the Third Tamil Sangam was setup at the present location of Madurai around 1,700 B.C. and continued almost upto 250 A.D. Poomphuhar is said to have been completely got submerged inside the sea during this period.

As described before it was after these types of destruction the Third Tamil Sangam was set up during which the great epic Silapathikaram was said to have taken place which attests the sinking of the Poomphuhar city. Around that time Poomphuhar is said to be lying atleast 10 Kms inland from the shore. This epic speaks of multi-storied building having Ground + 7 floors that belonged to a main character of the epic who had lived in that building. Recent excavations have brought to light the basement of 10 storied and 11 storied building to light which lied few kms inwards from the shore. Mahabalipuram another city that was in existence on those days which lied atleast 10 kms inwards from the shore also got submerged during this period. Mahabalipuram traditionally, is said to be a land of seven important temples and all of them including the whole city sank into the sea in just a day.

Native Dravidians have not only confined themselves to India and its surrounding areas but also to other areas around the globe and Tulu both in its Language and Civilization had left imprints throughout the Earth too. Here are a few examples.

Persia, Babylonia and their adjoining areas were all called as a kingdom known as Parthan kingdom. The delta region of Sindh river and Gujarat once was ruled by the ancestry of this Parthas known by the name Senaiveera. He belongs to the lineage of Tevars and Rishis. Pillais also had this form of title and a celebrated person SenaiMudhaliar had existed before several centuries. Born on the lineage of this SenaiMudhaliar is a great saint and Alwar known by the name Nammaazhvar whose father was known by the name Kaari and mother by the name UdayaNanghgai. Nammaazhvar belonged to Tulu Velalars according to few scholars. Surprisingly Tulu Velalars in Thiru Kovilur call themselves by the name Udayar suggesting they are from the lineage of Shri UdayaNanghgai. There is a Sanctuary named Ranganathittu near Mysore which was formed when a reservoir was constructed in the 1600’s by Kanteerava Narasaraja Udayar who ruled Mysore during that period and there is a watch tower constructed by the same person.

Throughout the earth it seems there are pockets of Dravidian civilization in existence even after the citizens had left that place many thousand years ago. But some of them had managed to stay in those place considering it to be the native for them. Few of them are Iberians from Europe particularly the northern part, Pascans from Spain, Edruscans from Italy, Kartesians from Africa particularly the northern part, Finisians, few lineages of Egypt, Erithriyans – Red sea was named after them see that Eri also means fire in Dravidian language meaning red, ancient races of Sumeria, Thirayars and Mundars present in the East and Pacific Islands – one of the ancient races named after the Surya, the sun, with the Mundars tamil a separate language got evolved which is even spoken in the Deccan Plateau, Madhya Pradesh and Coorg, Nagars present in ancient India, Pacific islands, eastern islands, American continent, Egypt, Nagaland in North-eastern province of India situated in the Himalayan base is also one of their ancient places, the Negros and the Dravidians were once related to each other and they had many kingdoms under their control, similarities are found between the Dravidians and the Mediterranean sea people mittaniyans, Elmiyirrukkal and kasaitrukkal are just a few to name.

When Dravidians were ruling over Sumeria it was known by the name Sumer meaning flat land or plains, in the Babylonia it was called by the name Ka-Ra meaning city of Sun implies they did belong to the race of the sun, in the case of Akkidian empire it was called Akkad meaning soft and marshy ground which is characteristic of the ground present in the Euphrates Delta as of today.

Fertile African Crescent is the region where civilization once flourished in the Sahara Desert a few thousand years ago. This was the homeland of ancient Dravidians. Besides it was home to ancient Sumerians, Niger-Kordofanian-Mande and Elamite speaker of ancient Iran. Traces of Dravidian civilizations can be found in the above mentioned places. The peoples who lived in these regions in these days are called as Proto-Saharans. Generally they are known by the name Kushites. These peoples named the regions in Asia as Kush wherever they got settled. Kashites corrupt form of Kushite is the name for Elamites by the ancient Chinese tribes while the native Elamites called their capital by the name Kussi.

Elam is an very ancient settlement for Dravidians present in Iran. This particular site is very much different from the other archeological sites in Iran. One of the meaning of Elam is highland. It flourished between the east of the river Tigris and Euphrates particularly in the banks of the river Karun. Unique kind of Pyramidical structures are present in Elam.

Near the ancient site of Elam there existed another huge empire which is also unique in this part of the earth. Today archeological remains are nearly 100 which is lying on a 400 km long strech. This should have been under the rule of the Elamites and this country must have lied under the empire of Elam. Artifacts that date back to 3000 B.C. have been found here. A large residential area that date back to 8000 years B.P have also been found.

The region between the river tigris and Euphrates is also called Chaldea. Few of the scholar refer this area as Chola kingdom on those days. This is datable to some 6,700 years ago or even before that. Interesting to note that it had lied near to Scythia. Scythia is just another place where Dravidians lived on ancient period. Already a work that compared and related the grammar and vocabularies of the Tamil and Scythian languages was made by Dr. Caldwell but not much is known about this. Scythia is also a place where Tulu Tamil might have been in practice on those days.

Are the Cholas just a part of the Tulu Kingdom in ancient days and later on got separated from them by forming a separate dynasty for them. Previous time the Tamil civilization was at its glorious was under the imperial Cholas whose king was the Great Raja Raja during the period of around nearly a thousand years ago. Interesting to note that the daughter of this king Raja Raja actually married a Chalukya Velir king. Even though this is a love marriage, part of Dravidian marriage customs, this kind of marriage between great kings and the Velir clan was quite common. One of the reason for this is they should have belonged to the same lineage and later on got separated just for the name sake.

In one of the archeological sites in Turkey which is datable to 11,500 years B.P was present a ancient site of worship recently discovered. It consists a male figure with snake woven around from the back. Can this be Lord Shiva. A female figure with her head grasped by the legs of a bird is also present. Some kind of legend is present behind this. Besides in this area there are clay figures, figures made of lime stones which are small in size, life-size statues made in lime stones most of them depicting humans and animals having two heads. Near by this area is also another area of ancient site worship. Here there are four pillars made up of lime stones each of them is 7 mts. Tall and all of them weighing 50 Tons. In two of these pillars there is carving which shows a lion standing as guard in front of the shrine. Recently when Tsunami of Dec. 2004 happened, lot of finding which was lying beneath the sands on the shores of Mahabhalipuram was discovered as the waves swept away the sands of the shores which turn revealed some part of the hidden parts within the city. One among them is a sculpture which shows a lion standing as guard in front of the shrine present just in the side of the Shore Temple, a world famous monument – this is what exactly that was discovered in the archeological site of Turkey as mentioned before.

Lion present as a guard to a Shrine in Mahabalipuram and its striking resemblance to the one in Turkey – does this indicate that Mahabalipuram also belonged to the same age i.e., 11,500 B.P. or in a time nearby i.e., 10,000 years ago. So Mahabalipuram must have been a city that existed during the Second Tamil Sangam. Besides there is another similar kind of pillar present in Mahabalipuram.

Mahabalipuram also lied atleast 10 kms from the present day shores. There is a lot to be discovered inside the sea in Mahabalipuram. Underwater archeology had infact showed huge structures present inside the sea. More over the site should be atleast 6000 years to 7000 years old. But with this kind of discoveries can easily take back the time line of Mahabalipuram to more than 10,000 years and also can throw light of its connection with this part of the Turkey. Remember this part of Turkey is not far from the other civilizations that was present on those days.

Besides TULU word was present in ancient Turkey and this word used to denote the textile during those days. Perhaps on those days these people excelled in clothing industry and it got imported in Turkey or else these people lived in ancient Turkey. The designs imprinted on these type of Textiles are not just ordinary looking but some thing quite different and complex too.

Proto-Saharans had a system of writing which often ended with long uu – something that is characteristics of the Tulu and attached this uu to initial consonants like L or R or D etc., Few of the terms in Sumerian is Ru, Shu, Elamaties it is Talu corrupt form of Tulu. Sumerian term for carving is du. Proto-Saharans called the people as Oku.

One of the important god of the proto-Saharans is Amon, father of the family was called as pa, mother of the family was called as ma or amma, boats were called as kalams, - all these terms are present even today in Dravidian language and is very much in use in daily life. Research is also going on in establishing the link between the Proto-Sahara script and that of the Proto-Elamite, Indus Script and the ancient Mande Script.

Kumara, staple cultivated food crop of the pre-European New Zealand Maori, originates from central South America.

Aboriginal peoples who are living in Australia for several thousand years named one of their adzec as koondi Thula.

One of the great Velir was known by the name Ay - Interestingly there is also a high official in the ancient Egypt by the name Ay.

Like our snake god there is also a cobra goddesses of Lower Egypt, protector of Pharaoh, also goddesses of Justice, time, heaven and hell.

One of the lost civilizations of the ancient America continent was discovered a few decades ago and its language studied upto some extent. It was found out that the king was called by the name Tu, the term for referring the governor was ku, one of the inscription read Bu and it established that Bu is a term for the Stone mason caste and one of the Governor was called by the name TuTu – all characteristic of the Tulu and Proto-Saharan writing. These peoples had the strange habit of Kneeling down as a mark of respect.

TARA an ancient TULU Goddesses is present in various parts of the world denoting various landscapes. Here are a few examples:

In Chile there is a place called Los Flamencos which is a National Reserve. Inside this Reserve is present a wet land named as Salar de Tara which is home to few endangered species of wildlife. Within this Salar de Tara is another lake named as Tara itself.

Near the Ireland sea coast is present a hill named as Tara Hill.

In California, U.S. too there is a hill known as Tara Hill.

In the western part of the Siberia one of the mountain is called as Tara mountain and large part of the mountain which had been declared as a national part is also called as Tara National Park.

One of the town in the Queensland region of Australia has been named Tara.

In the Kyushu region of Japan, one of the largest mountain is known by the known by the name Tara, which is home to some 70 temples.

In the Novosibirsk region of Russia, there is a river named Tara, which is a tributary of the another river present in the Ob basin which covers several thousand kilometer. Tara river in this part of the region is not a permanent river as it freezes usually in November and remains in ice until May.

Besides there are rivers named Tara present both in Italy and Greece.

River running up to a length of 140 km in the bottom region of a huge mountain in the Dinaric Alps region in Europe is named as Tara River. This river is also one of the largest supplier of drinking water to Europe.

In Ireland, there is a hill named as Hill of Tara, whose origin can be traced back to pre historic times. This Hill is said to be the seat of power of some 140 kings who ruled Ireland right from the time when ancient civilizations existed, besides it is said that this was the dwelling place for gods since ancient times. Looking from the top this Hill of Tara one can see the similarity of the arrangement present between the Hill of Tara and the arrangements for Ajantha caves present in them, in as two of such arrangement present in Hill of Tara side by side.

Today even though not much can be seen from this hill it is claimed that much of the Ireland was very much visible in pre historic times – may be hill changed from the pre historic times with much of them burying under the earth during the geological process. Many monuments are present in this hill but not much archeological excavations have been done. Recently remains of a temple was unearthed at this place. Was this the temple of the Goddesses Tara. This place is having astronomical significance too. So, scientific observation must have happened here. Remains of a very huge hall was also found. There are many monuments buried deep inside the earth of this part. Only archeological excavation can unveil the hidden monuments and on that day we will know how great this place would have been on ancient times. Few peoples around the world knowing the importance of this hill organize rally in order to highlight the importance of such a place and also to raise voice to protect this hill through all possible ways.

Mythical characters are abound in our literature. One of the mythical character is known by the name of Bhootha. Bhootha today has lost its significance and is portrayed as if it is a evil force which is totally wrong. During the sangam age Bhootha was a highly respected god on the lines of other gods but not a great god like Shiva or Vishnu. Even today centuries after the Tuluva Velalars had left the Tulu Nadu there are festivals held in Tulu nadu by the peoples occupying, celebrating festivals in honour of Bhootha. During the period when Tulu Nadu was present some 2500 years ago there were dedicated temples to this god Bhootha known by the name Bhoothasthanam and Bhootha Kootam. Surprisingly traces of these temples are present even today. There are several ancient tamil characters belonging to various professions who had kept this name of Bhootha as prefix or suffix to their name just for highlight their supremacy or their nature of being divine – few of them are Bhoothath Alwar, one of the saint who dedicated his life by singing hymns in praise of lord Vishnu, Bhootha Pandya one of the great kings who lived many centuries ago, KarumPillai Bhoothanar one of the great tamil poet who lived several centuries ago, etc., are only to name a few. Today there are a few places in Tamil Nadu where places are named after this Bhootha as Bhoothalur in Tanjore district where population of Tuluva Velalars are concentrated. Most of the Dravidian temples of ancient origin have pillar named as Bhootha pillar a unique pillar used in the construction of temples. This can be found in the Hoysalas temples too where a major changes in temples had taken place or it was art revived. In the area of Badami situated in the ancient Tulu Nadu there is a beautiful temple named Bhuthanatha temple which is having a commanding view of the lake and is built on the shores of the lake. Unique kind of construction technique must have been followed for building this temple because it was almost built over a water body. Bhootha means one who is very big by nature. Skeletons of varying size most of them more than 8 feet to few feet higher than them have been found in various parts of the world. For example a 47 inch femur, was excavated from a dig in an archeological site. Femur is the largest bone in our human body. But this femur is almost 3-4 times the average size of a human being. These type of findings are many thousand years old. During some remote past these kind of beings were infact present living in various parts of earth.

Yaksha is another mythical character from ancient times in Tulu Nadu. This is celebrated as festival in the present Tulu Nadu as describing various legends from Puranas. Tamil literature addresses Yakshas as an expert in playing Yaazh, Kuberas, Ghandaruvars, etc., which are mythical characters. Yakshas sculptures are present usually present in temples of ancient India, in the Indus valley sites and recently one was excavated from Egypt too.

Following evidences gives proof based on science on when the civilization could have been started and then an interesting comparisons are made through ancient literatures:

As far as 544 million years ago thick sheets of ice covered most parts of the earth except that of the equatorial region. So the possibility of any living being surviving during those times can be easily ruled out with the exception at the equatorial region.

During the time period of around 490 million years ago the earth axis was tilted from the 70 degree axis to around 20 degree axis.

So, any thing that was surviving before could have been easily erased leaving little or no trace. The natural calamity due to the earth tilt of axis might have done extensive damage to the earth through the various forms of havoc. Then the various parts of the earth that split as a consequence of this became the face of the earth. These should have formed the continents of the earth during the time period of after 490 million years.

425 million years ago the continents started to move towards each other. Then upto 270 million years ago there were so many mass extinctions. There after evolved a super continent called as PANGAEA.

Later on even parts of this Pangaea was covered with thick sheets of ice around 255 million years ago.

After about 250 million years for thousands of years together this part remained free of glaciers, thick sheets of ice, natural calamities, mass extinction, meteoroid collision, asteroid impacts and any kind of great catastrophes. This had provided favorable conditions for biological spices of various kinds. It was also in favor of the emerging life forms of various species of Dinosaurs, frogs, turtles, mammals, animals, plants, sea creatures, etc., Reproduction of all these species also continued without any break. Many life forms which are to become extinct and to stay in this earth for the years to come must have evolved during this period.

Then from 220 million years to 210 million years another mass extinction takes place. Around 200 million years ago several volcanic eruptions occur which again caused various forms of havoc around the earth and as the result the single continent of the earth got split into two with Tethys Ocean running in between them. The two giant continents were called as Laurasia occupying the northern part and Gondwana occupying the southern part.

By 110 million B.C. a continent about the size of south India appears in the southern hemisphere which got separated from the Gondwana land.

97 million – 96 million years ago Australia and Antarctica began to split.

86 million – 85 million years ago New Zealand got separated from Gondwana land.

76 million years ago Australia got separated from New Zealand.

75 million – 45 million years ago Antarctica became dry and wetter and henceforth began to experience a warmer climate. Favorable condition for survival of both human beings and other biological entities.

40 million years ago Glaciers began to form in the Antarctica.

34 million years ago thick sheets of ice began to cover most parts of Antarctica.

Again some climate catastrophe has happened which resulted in melting of glaciers and thick sheets of ice in the Antarctica region that in turn raised the sea level. This in turn caused destruction in various parts of the world and sank the continent around 20 million years ago which appeared in Gondwana land by 110 million B.C.

14 million ago another warmer climate is experienced in Antartica.

13 million ago a destruction of very small scale happens threatening few life forms.

3 million – 2 million years some kind of important transformation had taken place among our forefathers of the human beings who lived on those times.

130 thousand – 110 thousand years ago Earth enjoys both warmer and colder climate from time to time.

1,00,000 years ago great mega tsunami which are waves raising to a height of nearly 2 kms strikes Australia and New Zealand and caused destruction in many parts of the world.

As stated earlier right from 40,000 B.C. to 6,000 B.C. most part of the Antarctica was covered with ice and global warming was also happening throughout this period. Also, the first tamil sangam which had its beginning at 30,000 B.C would not have been build with in a few weeks or months. A great language establishing its Academy is a very long process because the language must have been well established in all terms which also could not have happened with in a few weeks or months. These process must have taken atleast tens of years or even hundreds of years. The first tamil sangam is actually not the first ever tamil sangam. It is through few available records in tamil literature it is called so. There are tamil sangams that are known by other names that had existed previously – when and where it is, is not known. Even before 30,000 B.C. there should have been existence of civilization which lied below Navalam Thivu. The fact that Antarctica was covered with thick sheets of ice around 40,000 B.C. and the possibility of these being melted cannot be ruled out because global warming had been happening from time to time. By around 69,000 B.C. a major volcanic eruption had occurred that had almost driven most of the human being species to extinction. But there were survivors and they were very few. After this they moved to the parts of Australia and got settled there. Evidence of any great civilization on the lines of Indus in this place is yet to take place because during earth’s history Australia was severely damaged in most times. Evidence of Australia being an ancient homeland of Dravidians and that few remote parts of Australia having names resembling native Dravidian language is very few and are being debated.

Boomerang, one of the weapons of the ancient Dravidians known for its unique shape and characteristics is also used by aboriginals, the ancient tribal people of Australia the possibility of getting used to it when Dravidians lived there.

Boomerang due to its unique shape and capability to fly from the starting point and again to return to its starting point is used in the design of the aircraft wing. Recently even the shape of the sophisticated aircraft of the defense department have exploited its shape and built the aircraft itself in the shape of the boomerang.

Any trace of Dravidian civilization being predated in Australia to be found is a very difficult task because the great mega tsunami that occurred 1 lakh years ago must have almost erased every thing of the civilization if it was present on those days.

Recent discoveries in the Jwalapuram in the Kurnool district of Andra Pradesh few stone tool assemblages were found that dates back to 75,000 years, and were very much similar to the one produced in Africa around the same time indicating that the peoples living in Andra and Africa shared few of them commonly. But the level of sophistication will certainly differ because we see that boomerang actually belonged to Dravidians but during their stay in Australia the aboriginal people got used to it.

In the southern province of China a Maba cranium which is a part of the skull that dates back to 1,20,000 B.C. was found. Almost a similar skull was found in the region of Narmada. This is actually an ancestry form of the Human beings.

In one of the remote island present in Indonesia is home to one of forests having unique species. This forests is having some four hundred statues all of them unique with sizes ranging from few inches to 15 feet in height. Atleast thirty of them are having human like appearance. Besides there are huge containers which to unique to this place. All the statues are carved out of granite. What kind of tools they handled for carving, when was they carved out, what was their purpose, the technique used for carving etc., are not known. This part must be just a small region of the remaining portion of the Siam Nadu, a huge Dravidian empire that was in existence at least around the time of 75,000 B.C. Statues being carved out of Granite was one of the art the ancient Dravidians possessed.

As early as 1927 itself some 750 inscribed objects, a few copper coins, impressed clay slabs, several incised slabs made of steatite were collected from the Indus valley site and made available to research scholars to Oxford University. Just years after the discovery of the Indus Valley Civilization it gained so much importance and these scholars not only studied the Indus script but also made an interesting comparison to other ancient civilization that were known on those times. The conclusion after making the study of these things were that it should have belonged some kind of Proto-Dravidian. Besides Indus script had striking resemblance with that of the script got from the land bordering the east of river Tigris, ancient Sumeria, three tablets form Assyria, archaic signs in Babylonia, proto-elamite script and also with that of the one that belonged to Easter Islands. The scripts in Easter Island were unusually made of wood. Strange statues looking like humans are present in Easter Island.

Indus script had various forms of writing. Few of them are writing from

Left to right,          

Right to left in the first line and left to right in the second line,          

Left to right and then from top to bottom,         

Right to left and left to right in the same line with a break in the middle,          

Top to bottom,          

Bottom to top and then from right to left,          

Top to bottom and then from right to left,          

Right to left in a anti clockwise direction,          

Left to right and then right to left in a semicircular form with both of approaching the middle portion of the semicircle.          

Such kinds of writing are even absent today in this modern world.

The Indus people had possessed sophisticated form of writing even on those days.

Below is one of the Indus script which was deciphered as:

= Yaya which can be very easily compared with the Tamil letter and Yaya is nothing but two of the tamil letter present aside of each other as . Further expanding this Yaya we can easily get Yayathi a queen already mentioned previously. An interesting comparison of Yaya was also made with the Babylonian god Ea. Ea also sounds similar to the Dravidian word Ya.

There are many things unique in Indus script. Some of them are given below:
One of the seal was circular made up of dark green stone with scripts written in upper semicircle and the script runs parallel to the circumference of the semicircle. The lower semicircular shows a bull, another unique kind of animal present in Indus script.

Another seal was shaped like a dice which was yellow in color.
Seals were made in limestone, grey limestone, steatite and were circular in shape.
Square seal of only 8mm thick.
Cylindrical seal which was a dark coloured one.
Seals having Convex shape.
Seals of Flat rectangular slabs of clay.
Seals with Button shaped piece of clay.
Seals which had four faced prism.
Seals which had three faced prism – the signs present extends vertically over 2 faces and in the third face the bull was carved inwards.
Forms of writing which were prevalent during Indus times few of the forms
which we had seen previously was inscribed in these kinds of seals.

Most of these kind of characters are very much absent even in today’s language. One can easily appreciate the kind of high level of handling the scripts of these Indus people thousands of years ago.

Our tamil legends speak of lost islands in the sea where civilization once flourished. These islands sank into the sea because of KadalKozh where due to some natural calamity mega tsunamis strike the land portion and in the due course the whole land will be submerged in the sea. This can be compared to the great island that appeared during 110 million years ago and got submerged around 20 million years ago. A seed, grains of very fine size discharged from the male part of the flower each of them containing fertilizing element, reproductive cell of many plants and micro-organisms and wooden fragments recovered from this sunken island around 90 million years ago indicates that it was well above the sea level and this area should have been a forest on those days.

Besides it seems some portion of Antarctica was also lost to the sea a few million years ago and this could also be a probable place where civilization existed because one of the country that existed on those days was called by the name Oli Nadu meaning Light country indicating that light was shining in country always unlike other countries where the usual procedure of day and night happens. Obviously as we have seen that the earth was tilted around 20 degree way back in 490 million years ago. It is a well known fact that Antarctica due to this position will be getting most rays of the sun directly continuously for a period of six months and for the next six months it will be dark. Antarctica becomes warmer than other icy region particularly Artic because the ocean water carries heat from the surrounding region particularly around the equatorial region to the Antarctic region thus making it favorable place to live for a period of time. Remember that for a period of time which was from 75 million – 45 million years ago Antarctica became dry and wetter and henceforth began to experience a warmer climate which provided hospitable condition for survival of both human beings and other biological entities. But only for a period of six months in each year they could get sunlight easily indicates that they could have shifted their civilization to a neighboring island which got sank around 20 million years ago for the next six months and the rotation must have continued year by year. Both of these civilizations should have been existed side by side utilized by the same race of people from time to time.

The size of the lost continent was found to be 2200 km in the southeast and northwest direction and it was home to the largest volcanic plateaus in the southern ocean. Large igneous provinces is not only the type of volcanism present on earth but on moon, venus and even mars. Fluxes of magma of huge volumes that might result from decompression melting of an ascending relatively hot mantle plume are characteristic of these volcanoes. They are lying under the ocean at a depth of 1 km to 4 km. Igneous basement numbering atleast 150 are present in the Indian Ocean with most of them present between Navala Thivu and Antartica. Most of the volcanoes are dangerous under sea volcanoes which are having the potential to explode. Under sea volcanoes when explodes can also cause mega tsunamis which can travel several kms inland and cause great destruction to the cities. Continuous occurrence of this kind of destruction can eventually sink huge continents like this into the sea once for all.

Ground plan for the Great Pyramid in ancient Egypt exactly represents a constellation named Orion on an important date during 12,500 years ago. Ground plan for the Ankor Vat Temple in ancient Cambodia exactly represent a constellation named Draco on the same date which represented plan of the Great Pyramid in the sky during the same year 12,500 years ago. These Two Great monuments separated by a very large distance should have shared at the least few thing in common to them. Indus Valley civilization lies at the center between these two monuments. Egypt must have formed the western border and Cambodia must have formed the eastern border of a very huge civilization in which Indus Valley civilization is just one among them.

Any Pyramid in Egypt will
have shapes like this and
great pyramid also has
a shape of this sort
which raises to a
height of some
50 storied

                                                            This represents the internal
                                                               structure of the Gopura style
                                                                 of architecture in most of the
                                                                  ancient Dravidian temples. In
                                                                   the interior part of the Gopura
                                                                     there will be a hollow space in
                                                                       space above the Garbha Griha
                                                                           which is shaped like the
                                                                             shape of the pyramid.

So Pyramid style of architecture has been common to both cultures since ancient times.

Symbol of serpent is present in most of the monuments in ancient Egypt and even in the crown of the Kings who ruled them. Like our snake god there is also a cobra goddesses of ancient Egypt, protector of Pharaoh, also goddesses of Justice, time, heaven and hell. So snake kind of worship was very much prevalent in ancient Egypt and was prevalent in ancient Tulu Nadu too.

As already stated the Proto-Saharan language and the Tulu language is closely related to one another and with this kind of empire established after the third Tamil sangam it is clear that Tulu form of Tamil was very much in use during the period of 30,000 B.C. and even before that. It is for the reason that people who got settled in the Sahara part of Africa after migrating from the Peruvalanaadu, established the language of Tulu Tamil, besides other forms of Tamil too and started to build the empire. Murungu is the ancient name for Muruka son of Lord Shiva, in the parts of Africa where he is worshiped as the God of the Mountains.

Method of constructing the boat have also remained the same between these peoples. Recently few evidence do suggests that these peoples have used sophisticated kind of boats that were using power from the sun to run the boats of both large and small size on water. It must have been these kind of transportation among many that should have helped the peoples to move from Peruvalanaadu to costal regions of Africa and then to its surrounding areas. Egypt and most parts of Africa on those days were very much navigable through the network of rivers present on those days. These kind of boats would have helped the peoples move around Africa.

One of the excavated statues from the Indus valley site made up of Bronze. Statues made of Bronze had been in practice up to the period of Chola Kingdom. Looking at the hand portion of the Statue it is seen that she is holding some kind of unique musical instrument and throughout her hand circular rings are covered which might have been used to set tones when joined with the musical instrument. Same kind of technique was followed for making art objects out of bronze in Indus and Africa.

Vishnu is just another avtar of Lord Shiva – by Saint Krubanantha Variyar in one of his Lecture series.

Ankor Vat Temple in Cambodia is a temple built for God Vishnu by a tamil king with a different kind of architecture.

Who build the Great Pyramid remains a big mystery until today and not much is known about it. The sphinx that stands as a guard to this Great Pyramid can represent the modern art of Bull i.e., NANDHI and great pyramid is a temple of some kind dedicated perhaps to lord Shiva. Aside of the Sphins there lies ruins of a temple of unkonwn origin, a fact of vital importance while studying about Egypt of ancient origin. This structure can also be a temple for Lord Shiva. But these temples should have served different purposes.

Obelisk kind of pillars weighing many tons are present during the period of Great pyramid, these kind of pillars are also present in the Kailasanatha temple in Ellora. Unique architecture of this kind of pillar was shared between these two cultures. Ellora with its plan can actually date back as far as 12,500 years ago since this kind of similiarity is exhibited between the architecture of these cultures.

Ancient Egypt, ancient Cambodia, Indus civilization besides even ellora can all be the countries which had belonged to the empire of the Second Tamil sangam. With this one can say that the first civilization of Egypt and Cambodia might have begun 18,000 years ago, ellora around 15,000 years ago, the possibility of their existence even before that cannot be ignored. Around 19,000 years ago sea level rose forcing people of the Third Tamil sangam to search for land far off to safer places. Egypt and Cambodia must have been just be among the various places these peoples settled. Civilization could have started in Ellora some 15,000 years ago indicates that Chalukyan empire could have started well before 15,000 years ago. Chalukyas must have been just one of the Velirs, with persons related to them named differently should have been ruling all through the Indus valley civilization cities, civilized part of Africa particularly Egypt which formed the western border of this empire and all the way upto Cambodia, the eastern border of this kingdom. Other kingdoms which should have lied in this empire are yet to discovered.

With in the complex of Ankor Vat temple the peoples who constructed this temple also tried to indicate our 4 Yugas and it’s time cycle when constructing the temple complex. They tried to sketch not only the space but time also – is this temple a unique kind of lab which was used to study the concept of space and time. Bhootha statues are present in large numbers in this temple complex, only in the later temples the Bhootha statues had come down in numbers.

While these places were used for making a sketch of a part of the sky, other ancient places where the Dravidians lived namely Peru, present in the south American continent, they tried to sketch various forms of animal, mythical beings and various kinds of arts which are yet to known, down on earth – what is so unique about this is that they can be viewed only if you travel from a very high distance above the ground i.e., viewable only from an aircraft. What is the reason for drawing such a kind of art on the ground and their purpose is not known even now.

It is practice of Dravidians to name any place based on the name of the previous celebrated place they lived before. The third Tamil Sangam existed on a place called PeruvalaNaadu which translates into as Peru country, indicates that they had lived in Peru thousands of years ago before the period of existence of third Tamil Sangam.

During some remote past the whole of the American continent was home to ancient Dravidians known by a special name. Some scholars attribute the name as Patala. This should be atleast some 1,00,000 years ago. Columbus when he set sails to explore the world one of his dreams was to discover India also. When he landed on the shores of America, exclaimed by the ruins of that place and based on the knowledge he possessed, he thought he had discovered India. This is the reasons the tribals who had occupied these regions many thousands years ago after the Dravidians had left the place were called as Indians, named erroneously.

One of the excavated sites in the central part of the American continent yielded traces of the culture dating up to 30,000 B.C. but this trace is the last of all the cultures that were present in that area, which states that people must have left this place completely around that period. Moreover pyramid like structure present in the Elam part of today’s Iran although not exactly the same was found in this site. Architecturally too there is a similarity between this place and another ancient Dravidian settlement. But no conclusion can be made about this site as when the civilization actually started here, possibly long before the period of 30,000 B.C.

Our legend speaks of cities made up of metals particularly Gold. Such a city was said to have existed in Patala too. Many adventurers have lost their lives in search for this city and nothing much is known about its existence. But recently a huge haul of artifacts made up of Gold, representing various forms of arts and mythical beings were found, one of them exactly represents our Gopura style of Architecture.

Like our ThiruMurthi God representing Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Bramha, during the period of Patala too there existed a God of this sort, today known by the name Ho-Huizilopochtli-Tlaloc.

There are places in Patala, known by the name of Tulu, surprisingly even after thousands of years the peoples have left these places, are known by the name of TULUm, TULa, etc., home to mysteries, mysterious places, unique kind of temple structures build in a pyramidal shape, etc., These places were lost to sea quite often and again and again rebuilt, lying in Central America.

There is a city named Copan, which is in ruins today, present in the Central America. Tamil literature traces this city to the Yayathi dynasty. Recently in this city a sculpture that represents one of the kind of flying type of dinosaur and below this dinosaur is present some mythical character which can be seen in almost most of our Dravidian temples, was discovered. Most of this kind of flying kind of Dinosarus had small bodies, light weighted, hollow bones, large brains, good eyesight etc., Recently their eggs were discovered in China and Argentania. So, it is true that these species had infact lived but millions of years ago.

The mythical character by all possibilities is looking as if it should be a Bhootha or else a Yaksha. The fact that peoples on those days had carved dinosaur and the mythical being just below, which might convey to us that they had some interesting comparison between them, may be on those days this Bhootha or Yaksha with some of them had hollow bones, large brains, eyesight which can see many magnified things quite naturally, etc., which might have been common to both these species on those years.

One of great art of the Dinosaurs at the least few thousand years old, carved out of the wood was excavated from a mountain present in a valley in Scythia, one of the places for ancient Dravidian settlement. The crest present in the head of the dinosaur and in the back possibly the neck portion of the dinosaur cannot be carved without both sophisticated knowledge of both arts and science. So Scythians were leading a sophisticated life on those days. To know few characteristics about dinosaurs it had taken years of research in science. How did the Scythians were so perfect in this art. There were also other items like clothes, silk, wooden carriage, food etc., all in a preserved condition. This indicates their civilized form of life and presence of transportation on those days. This also show cases the skills they achieved in perfection in crafting an object and their knowledge of science about the different species of dinosaurs.

In one of the bas relief present in the sprawling Ankor Vat complex was found an art which exactly represents a species of dinosaurs extinct around 140 million years ago. Another ancient Dravidian settlement area show casing their knowledge about this extinct species.

Mythical Garuda having many arms is present in most of the Temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu, this kind of Garuda is present in the arts of ancient Sumeria too. Suprisingly, recently one of species having ten arms and having capacity to fly, thought to be extinct millions of years ago reappeared. Human beings having multi arms are present in most of the ancient Dravidian temples. So, it cannot be ignored that these kind of species were not present.

It is thought that Asuras were horribly looking beings having all types of evil characteristics in them. It is totally wrong. During some remote past these kind of species had infact lived a well civilized life both culturally and scientifically. Also it should be like Asuras are actually A-Suryas which conveys that they were the first race of the Surya i.e., Sun. Assyria is said to be ancient home land of these species once. This is the reason Assyria sounds more or less like Asura.

Assyrians were the first to divide the circle into 360 degrees and invented longitude and latitude. This kind of system was very much in use in Ujjain. They had sophisticated medical science. Assyrians on those days had spread not only in the country of Assyria but also to their neighboring region what is now turkey – perhaps this is the reason that tulu is present in ancient turkey for textile and also its connection to Mahabalipuram. Not much is known when they had arrived here and before that what was their ancient homeland. Like Indus scripts some 30,000 tablets that contain unique form of writing have been brought to light. This partly belonged to a very huge library that was present on ancient days. Assyria on those days should have been a big centre for studying science and arts. Like our mythical Kamadhenu there is a sacred bull present in Assyria too but with a male head.

People must have been used to devices that make use of energy generated from the sun at least right from the period of existence of Oli Nadu where sun rays will be present for the period of six months. This abundance presence of solar energy directly from the sun must have been a tremendous source of energy for the peoples of this country. Henceforth they must have developed various devices which will be useful for them to lead their life. This can include the boats used by the people of PeruvalaNaadu to reach the shores of Africa that used power generated from sun. Sophisticated kind of instruments right from the period of 73 million years ago is interesting.

Skeletons of the size 3-5 times the height of normal human beings have been recently found in various parts of the world particularly Patala that are datable to more than 111 million years ago – these are undoubtedly the Skeletons of the Bhootha.

Another significant find is that one of the mythical sea monster that got extinct was found in the parts of Australia that almost belonged to the same period of 111 million years ago. One of the strong reasons that can be attributed for these species that got extinct is that some thing disastrous happened that led to appearance of a continent 110 million years ago as discussed above. This led to many parts of Australia besides other parts of the continent that formed the earth to sink into the sea.

Besides Bhootha, human species who are very small and extremely tiny, usually found in most of the sculptured panels of the ancient Dravidian temples have recently been found that are datable to millions of years.

Huge rock present in the Mahabalipuram. Specialty of this rock is that it is present in an inclined plane but have never rolled down one of the mysteries present in this area. This is supposedly datable to the times when Gods lived on earth. But recently it is known that Bhootha kind of species were using this kind of balls for some purpose may be a ball game. This also shows the technical skill that these species possessed. These kind of ball like appearance besides huge utensils made up of rocks are all found in the regions of Patala.

In the vicinity of the Patala, lies one of the remote island, home to some of the unique kind of sculptures having likely the appearance of the human beings. Astonisinhly these sculptures were not carved out of rocks but out of the remains of the volcanic ash left over after some natural calamity or from under sea volcanoes or else the volcanoes present on that region. Not much is known about their origin, why they had build these sculptures, what was their purpose, who had build these, etc., But it conveys to us that these people had managed to survive the natural disaster that must have occurred due to volcanoes and had made use of its ashes to build these statues. It seems that huge part of this country had sunk in to the sea.

One of the surprising find in the field of anthropology and its history. This skull is from one of the ancestral form of the Human being, belonging to the child hood stage, datable to more that 3.3 million years ago. One of the carefully excavated item in the field of excavations. Human skulls and parts of the human skulls like the mandible part of the skull which are larger compared to the ordinary human beings had been found in various parts of the earth. Besides skulls having almost human like appearance with horns present in the upper portion of the skull have recently been found. Interestingly this can be compared to our mythical beings having horns in their head, most important of all is Nandhi.

In physics, we have a theory called as String Theory, one of my favorite topics which states that many of them in the atomic scale are connected and made up of strings. Interestingly, one of the forms of language discovered in the ancient Peru when Dravidians were living, had already made use of this concept of strings in their language.

Strange Disc shaped objects having the capacity to fly have been visiting our earth for many thousand years. Such sightings are reported even today. These kind of visitations are abound in our ancient literature. In the Patala region few archeological excavation have yielded artifacts that have human like appearance wearing space suits and standing near disc shaped objects that can fly. Besides few of them managed to stay with the tribal peoples of the Patala and got exposed to some of the strange things. During their stay they were taken to a maze arrangement of caves where no ordinary people could go and inside the arrangement was so complex that in some places it had marked places where these disc shaped object could land and take off. The god these peoples seem to worship was found to look like a modern day astronaut, like wearing space suits and other kind of facilities they were provided with him. Triangular shaped object that could fly as described in our ancient literature was discovered in one of the ancient sites in the Egypt.

This must convey to us that inter space travel was very much present in some remote past and people were in fact very much used to it. Ancient literature do say that the people belong to race of the moon, sun, etc., Recent evidence do suggest that civilization had in fact existed in moon. The solid iron pillar known for its unique ness in maintaining it in a rust proof state, which had its origin in the Chalukya dynasty in India is unlikely to have a earthly origin. Some kind of high level of technology used by the peoples of these dynasty might have made this possible or else such a characteristic of iron particles are found only on the surface of the moon. Had our ancient people maintained civilizations on the moon and just to show case their technology, they had left this piece of iron pillar on earth. There is also a possibility that they traveled from earth to moon and vice versa. Perhaps this is the reason they are from Chandra Gupta lineage stating that they are from the race of the moon. Besides just before the period of Third Tamil sangam ie., 30,000 B.C. some kind of solar flare had stuck both earth and the moon surface there by damaging the moon’s surface too.

One of the extinct amphibian species, dating back to 260 million years having the shape of head like a boomerang was recently discovered and is still found to be alive in remote part of the oceans in the earth. Usually any adult species gains extra strength through some process but strangely this species loses its gills during adulthood. The Boomerang shape of this species helped it to save it from the predators. This could have inspired the ancient Dravidians for the shape of the Boomerang.

There are many references in Tamil literature to show that the Velirs were once from a single continent that consists of 49 countries that were divided in to sectors of 7 x 7 all having unique geographical features. One of the master plan when building the city of Dholavira is one which consisted of 49 perfect squares – this just to show that they were from this continent. One of the book named Iruku Nool said to be very ancient perhaps millions of years old is said to be from this continent. Interestingly there is a Velir clan known by the name Iruku Velir, even today the remains of a temple by a king of this Velir group named Bhuthi Vikramakesari, in the town named Kodumbalur, mentioned in the epic Silapathikaram and henceforth datable atleast to 2000 years remains in Tamil Nadu. It seems that there were no Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas initially but only Velirs were present eons ago. The Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas are datable only upto 30,000 to 40,000 years ago. But the Velirs are related to all the three of them because intermarriage was very common among them. Amazingly, from the history of earth this kind of gigantic continent consisting of 49 countries is datable to 250 million years.

250 million year old map – Period when the Giant continent that consisted of 49 countries surrounded by the ancient ocean level. See that the continents of Australia, huge portion of Indian land mass, Africa, South America which are all the settlements of the ancient Dravidians are joined together. Not much is known about the settlements in the northern part of these continents which a very huge land mass.

Recently a map that said to represent Antarctica that remained free of ice was discovered and is said to be millions of years old.

Also, it is from this 250 million year period and after that provided favorable conditions for many life forms and human beings during those period, and must have led a peaceful life with these many species.

It is learnt that human beings during this period had constantly tried to become superior species that lied far ahead of them like Bhootha, Yaksha, Ghandarvars etc., by meditating, by building huge monuments that served as energy centers like pyramids, temples, etc., This is the reason that there are many unique forms of human beings ancestrally, implies our theory of evolution has a long way to go. Sadly the evils present in the humans beings got exploited slowly and gradually and human species began to lose most of its powers.

Usually it thought that Velirs were ruling only a small area but this kind of research proves that they were ruling over a huge empire. Some body had hidden the original history of Velirs to others there by hidding one of the glorious history of the Tamils itself. With this much light will be thrown on the previous unknown civilization of the various empires of the Dravidians.

Meru is a mythical mountain that existed somewhere in the remote past. When and where it existed nobody knows eventhough there are references to it. But there is a work that exists by its name Merumandira Puranam. In this puranam it is stated that from a single language 18 different forms of language were established in order to suit the geography of the location, race of the people, etc.,

This 18 form of language must be the language of the 18 clan of Velirs who ruled since ancient times. That single language must be the proto-Dravidian language. This proto-Dravidian language must the language of Gods, understood by the sages, rishis, mythical characters, etc., What is the form of the proto-Dravidian language, how it looked like, the way it is handled linguistically etc., is yet to be known. Perhaps this may be never known at all because it is beyond the understanding of the human beings. Newer Discoveries of older civilizations again and again states that this is the proto-Dravidian but with no conclusion, but as time passes by newer and newer lost civilizations are discovered that actually predates the previous one, it is said this should be the proto-Dravidian and the argument goes on. One of the book that dates to the first century B.C Sama Vaayanganasuddha states that there are 18 different types of script that were in use many thousand years ago. All the 18 form of languages used by the Velir must have possessed script that were unique to them but still somehow maintained similarity in them in order to show that they are all one and the same.

There is some speciality in the number 18 because there is 18 different types of script, 18 different clans of Velirs, 18 chapters of Bhagavat Gita., Puranas are also 18 with one of them dedicated to Bhootha etc.,

Based on ancient records the Geological survey of Ethiopia have named one of the Geological Plates as Tulu Dimtu Belt indicates to us that some where in the distant past that Tulu civilization had infact been present.

Hymns for Lord Shiva sung in praise of him in Tamil were compiled as Thirumurai. This name was given to this work only during reign of King Raja Raja Chozhalan who retrived the work from hidden rooms in the temple for Lord Shiva in Chidhambaram. But when the works were retrived most of them were lost due to damage caused to the manuscripts in various ways. Only few of the works survived. It was only based on assumption the date of these works were arrived. No body knows really how old the original work is. With the help of Odhuvars - persons who sings in praise of the Gods in temples, and few linguistic scholars, the work were compiled as Thirumurai on the language of Tamil prevelent on 10th century A.D. Nothing much is known about the original work of Hymns sung in praise of Lord Shiva which should have been written in a very old classical language of Tamil which must be several thousand years old.

Letters which are said to be borrowed from some other language in to the language of Tamil like are very much present in Tulu Tamil. So, the likelihood of borrowing might be false. One of the evidence is, the river in which the First Tamil Sangam is said to be situated is called as river where one can clearly see the so called borrowed letter, besides it is seen that the river is named from Tulu Tamil.

About the Author : M . VISWANATH. Research Scholar,

The author holds a M.Sc. Degree in Physics from Department of Nuclear and Theoretical Physics, University of Madras, Guindy campus, Chennai – 600 025.

Besides doing research on various topics in Physics, I do a lot of research in to various braches of sciences and other fields too out of my own interest.

The sacred mantra I chant when doing research is Cross check, double check, Re check, multi check and keeping checking on whatever we do, because to err is human being which should be avoided when doing research – Taught to me by my Guide in the University, besides I have learnt a number of valuable teachings from my other Guides and Professors too.

Our city of Chennai should take Pride in having Departments such as Nuclear Physics and Theoretical Physics, because great many things have happened in these fields which have changed the technology for ever and there are very few Universities around the world that have these kind of Departments.

This University had produced two Nobel Laureates, both of them Physics one in the Pre-Independence and other in the Post-Independence period.

Since I do a lot of research in various fields many of my research topics are extremely time consuming and are in the initial stage. Many of my research topics are even not known to many in the scientific community. If I had concentrated on a single topic, I would have managed to bring something new in that topic, surely at the least up to 85 percent.

Compared to my research in Science this research article is not that great, but a very much valuable research article in terms of lost civilizations.

One of the combined effort with my Guide actually got published in a reputed Journal and Book too, the application of the topic can be traced to NASA and a High Energy Nuclear Physics Lab in Europe, a global facility for doing research on the atomic and sub atomic scale, where the internet got evolved stage by stage.

To whom so ever it may concern, don't think that we are living in an advanced civilization, we are living only in a technical stone age civilization. This is one of the lesson I learned from my research in science and in various subjects.


If any body is interested in knowing about the Pillai community then is the site which gives very few information about this. Few of the information is correct but I don’t know about all the information in this site is correct or not. But it contains a link to Great Pillai Gallery which is note worthy because it gives information about people who had dedicated their life for the sake of the subjects they studied and not lived out of the subjects they studied. It is the subjects that make us live, don’t think the other way.

Please don’t use the information in this site for publishing your results. The whole article is COPYRIGHTED. But I will not hesitate to share information with right and eligible person. Even though I am Indian by Birth and belongs to the Pillai caste, I take pride only by saying that THE WHOLE UNIVERSE IS MY NATIVE. Rich or poor, learned or illiterate, gold medalist or failed student, meritorious or poor student, salaried or un-employed and with all categories of people, I don’t appreciate any difference with any kind of people, regarding sharing or getting the valuable information.

Few of the research findings at the last pages of this article, might sound un true but it will be a established truth – one has to wait until that day.

Due to acts of copyrights I was not able to bring very many information regarding various aspects because of which this site is missing many valuable information. If I give guest lecture or seminar in any place regarding this topic I will put a notice here where I can elaborate on this topic through various ways.

Time taken for developing this web site: 10 months - Jan 07 – Oct 07.

Contact me at

Time Period for Research: 2.5 years - Jan 05 – Jun 07.

While I had Researched into the Mallar Kambam Martial art of Tulu Tamils
N.Jayachandran had worked very hard in propagating this ancient
martial art of Tamils through out Tamil Nadu.


N.JAYACHANDRAN, Native of Villupuram
B.Sc Physics, 1976, Govt. Arts College, Thindivanam,
University of Madras.
presently working in IRCTC,
Hon. Gen. Secy. Mallar Kambam Federation of Tamil Nadu,
Hon. Joint Secy. Mallakhamb Federation of India,
Only National Judge for Mallar Kambam Martial art from Tamil Nadu,
N.JAYACHANDRAN COACHED and will continue to train a number
of students of various age groups from different parts of Tamil Nadu.
The trained boys and girls had participated in different State and
National level Competition and reached good ranking.
provides centre for traning the students.